The problem was that the font character encoding or “maps” used by the two platforms and the fonts were not the same. File.ReadAllBytes makes sense for holding the value of the data in the byte array, but never try to believe that a single character value would be held in a single byte. A byte can hold data in the range 0-255, any data exceeding 255 would be then mapped in a way to denote the character, thus a byte array. If you would try to get the value of that byte, you will get the wrong value although the result of the render would be correct.

  • Extended ASCII character sets typically include symbols, letters with diacritical marks, graphical markings, and mathematical symbols including some Greek letters.
  • Being that we as an industry have pushed the concepts of not writing passwords down, having memorable passwords, etc. we can make some additional assumptions about how users will create passwords.
  • That is, type it once to convert the hex code to a character and type it again to convert the character back to a hex code.
  • It also recommends training the workforce on ways to safeguard password information and establish guidelines to create and change passwords in a periodic cycle.

It should be long and should consist of letters, number, and symbols, but still easy to type quickly with few errors. It should have elements of randomness that only a computer can provide while still having familiarity that only a human can provide. Sometimes John99 is a good password and sometimes passwords must be changed in less than 30 days. Some passwords, such as administrator passwords, need more protection while others, such as user passwords, need less.

Currency Alt Codes

I agree that this is a real list of passwords used by real people. I just believe that for some reason this list includes only passwords containing in standard Latin. Windows is lacking in the password complexity area.. To help use secure passwords you can use tools like ActivePasswords that do have many custom rules and also helps sync passwords accross products if you have the need for that. It’s not uncommon to see a company in a panic because their admin just quit, and he’s the only one who knows the server password. You should discourage writing down passwords in many situations, but if writing them down helps or is necessary, be smart about it.

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For guidance on which fonts support which characters, you can check this external website. Additionally, QMK has Unicode support which allows you to map unicode characters to your keymap. With this simple tool, you can instantly identify GSM characters and Unicode symbols in your text messages.

Ascii Encoding

By the time so-called “glass TTYs” came along, the convention was so well established that backward compatibility necessitated continuing the convention. When Gary Kildall created CP/M he was inspired by some command line interface conventions used in DEC’s RT-11. IBM’s PC DOS (also marketed as MS-DOS by Microsoft) inherited the convention by virtue of being loosely based on CP/M, and Windows inherited it from MS-DOS. The digits 0–9 are prefixed with 011, but the remaining 4 bits correspond to their respective values in binary, making conversion with binary-coded decimal straightforward. This was an attempt to provide a Unicode solution to encoding paragraphs and lines semantically, potentially replacing all of the various platform solutions.

A catch-all category of any Unicode character that does not fall under the previous four categories. I also hate ads and that’s why I only serve ads from EthicalAds. Please consider making an exception for EthicalAds or becoming a Member to help cover server costs and continued development of RoutineHub. Try it risk-free It only takes a few minutes to setup and you can cancel any time.

UTF-8 is a “multi-byte” encoding scheme, meaning that it requires a variable number of bytes to represent a single Unicode value. Given a so-called “UTF-8 sequence”, you can convert it to a Unicode value that refers to a Unicode character. Many of the answers above are either specific to the em dash, require memorising alt codes, or are better suited for one-off uses.